Article Abstract

Knockdown of HMGB1 improves apoptosis and suppresses proliferation and invasion of glioma cells

Authors: Jing Zhang, Cang Liu, Ruiguang Hou

Abstract

Background: The purposes of this study were to explore the effects of high mobility group protein box 1 (HMGB1) gene on the growth, proliferation, apoptosis, invasion, and metastasis of glioma cells, with an attempt to provide potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of glioma.
Methods: The expressions of HMGB1 in glioma cells (U251, U-87MG and LN-18) and one control cell line (SVG p12) were detected by real time PCR and Western blotting, respectively. Then, the effects of HMGB1 on the biological behaviors of glioma cells were detected: the expression of HMGB1 in human glioma cell lines U251 and U-87MG were suppressed using RNAi technique, then the influences of HMGB1 on the viability, cycle, apoptosis, and invasion abilities of U251 and U-87MG cells were analyzed using in a Transwell invasion chamber. Also, the effects of HMGB1 on the expressions of cyclin D1, Bax, Bcl-2, and MMP 9 were detected.
Results: As shown by real-time PCR and Western blotting, the expression of HMGB1 significantly increased in glioma cells (U251, U-87MG, and LN-18) in comparison with the control cell line (SVG p12); the vitality, proliferation and invasive capabilities of U251 and U-87MG cells in the HMGB1 siRNA-transfected group were significantly lower than those in the blank control group and negative control (NC) siRNA group (P<0.05) but showed no significant difference between the blank control group and NC siRNA group. The percentage of apoptotic U251 and U-87MG cells was significantly higher in the HMGB1 siRNA-transfected group than in the blank control group and NC siRNA group (P<0.05) but was similar between the latter two groups. The HMGB1 siRNA-transfected group had significantly lower expression levels of Cyclin D1, Bcl-2, and MMP- 9 protein in U251 and U-87MG cells and significantly higher expression of Bax protein than in the blank control group and NC siRNA group (P<0.05); the expression profiles of cyclin D1, Bax, Bcl-2, and MMP 9 showed no significant change in both blank control group and NC siRNA group.
Conclusions: HMGB1 gene may promote the proliferation and migration of glioma cells and suppress its effects of apoptosis. Inhibition of the expression of HMGB1 gene can suppress the proliferation and migration of glioma cells and promote their apoptosis. Our observations provided a new target for intervention and treatment of glioma.