Genetic Polymorphism of PSCA and Risk of Advanced Precancerous Gastric Lesions in a Chinese Population

Hong-mei Mu, Chen Wu, Lian Zhang, Kai-feng Pan, Jun-ling Ma, Yang Zhang, Wen-qing Li, Hua-kang Tu, Hong-mei Zeng, Wei-dong Liu, Tong Zhou, Dong-xin Lin, Wei-cheng You


Objective: To evaluate the relationship between the genetic polymorphism of prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA) and the risk of advanced precancerous gastric lesions including intestinal metaplasia(IM) and dysplasia(Dys), a population-based study was conducted in Linqu County, a high-risk area of gastric cancer (GC) in China.
Methods: The prevalence of gastric lesions including superficial gastritis(SG), chronic atrophic gastritis(CAG), IM and Dys was determined by histopathologic examination. The genotypes were determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) technique. The effects of PSCA genetic variant on the risks of IM and Dys were calculated by unconditional logistic regression.
Results: Multivariate analysis revealed subjects carrying PSCA rs2294008 CT/TT genotype were associated with an increased risk of IM (OR=1.38, 95% CI=1.11-1.71) and Dys (OR=1.75, 95% CI=1.36-2.26), especially for subjects with H.pylori infection (IM: OR=1.34, 95% CI=1.05-1.71; Dys: OR=1.82, 95% CI=1.37-2.42). Furthermore, H. pylori infection and PSCA rs2294008 CT/TT genotype were observed to jointly elevate the risk of IM (OR=3.32, 95% CI=2.33-4.71) and Dys (OR=4.58, 95% CI=2.99-7.04).
Conclusion: This study suggested that PSCA rs2294008 might have an impact on the risk of IM or Dys among the high risk population of GC.